Nano technology is the manipulation of materials on an atomic or molecular scale. It typically involves the creation of materials, devices, and systems by assembling atoms and molecules, to produce novel and useful properties that cannot be achieved by the individual components.Nano technology is the fabrication, study, and use of natural and artificial particles that are on the scale of nanometers.
What is Nano technology?
Atoms are made up of sub-atomic particles called electrons. According to Wikipedia, “In nature, materials are formed of atoms arranged in various ways. The three-dimensional shape of the material is affected by the arrangement of these atoms. Typically, atoms are arranged in a hierarchy. A group of atoms is much more densely packed than an individual atom. In a crystal, a few particular pairs of atoms form molecules or atoms. A simple arrangement can be compared to a battery. One end is a cathode, where electrons move in and out of the material; and one end is the anode, where the electrons go out and stay there. A second structure involves atoms organized in chains, in a two-dimensional array (a square), or in a flat surface (a disc).
How does nano technology work?
Nano technology is very complicated and is actually quite hard to explain in simple terms. However, to give a little guidance, let’s give you an outline of how nano technology works. Nano technology involves manipulating natural and artificial materials on the nanoscale, which is measured in billionths of a meter. This range can be even smaller and measured in nanometers. Nanoscale materials are less than 1 millionth of a meter in size and differ greatly from the macroscopic variety of 1 millionth of a meter. As a species, we can only see the macroscopic world with our eyes. With the advancement of technology and nanotechnology, we can now manipulate, study, and use at a microscopic level. How can nano technology be applied in medicine?
What are some applications of nano technology?
The applications of nano technology lie in various industries. By some accounts, the nano market is expected to grow to nearly $3.7 trillion by 2030. Nano tech involves the production of microscopic components such as atomic-scale wires, semiconductors, etc. In the semiconductor industry, nano tech contributes to the creation of more complex circuits and integrated chips with their smaller size, allowing for them to connect with other components more efficiently and to be able to handle more information. Besides this, the electronics sector employs nano tech in technologies such as optoelectronics, light detectors, sensors, lasers, etc. The medical industry uses nano tech in applications such as diagnostics, medical devices, biotherapeutics, and so on.
What are The future implications of nano technology?
More powerful systems At the moment, nano technologyis helping to create better batteries, small, powerful computers, and powerful solar cells. More efficient materials Scientists are learning how to create materials that have very specific properties – they are stronger, tougher, more flexible, and more durable. For example, titanium is often used to create strong, but lightweight structural composites, making planes stronger and lighter, without adding a lot of weight. Nano-enabled diagnostic and therapeutics Nano-enabled products have greater functionality and are faster to develop. Nano-enabled solar cells Nano-enabled catalytic converters can make vehicles more efficient and cleaner.
There is a lot of research being conducted today around the science of nanotechnology. Many scientists feel as though we are only just at the cusp of what we can achieve. So, in light of this, the use of nanotechnology will continue to be used by all sorts of companies. In the future, it will help us develop better batteries for our devices, faster and more efficient delivery systems for drugs, better food, and medicine, and help create devices to measure the smallest levels of data. Keep your eyes on the ground as we follow developments in the nano and nanotechnologies.