Navratri is a major festival of Hindus. The word Navratri is a Sanskrit word, which means ‘nine nights’. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi are worshipped. The tenth day is famous as Dussehra. Navratri comes four times in a year. It is celebrated from Pratipada to Navami in the months of Paush, Chaitra, Ashadha and Ashwin. In the nine nights of Navratri, three goddesses—Mahalaxmi, Mahasaraswati or nine forms of Saraswati and Mahakali—are worshiped, whose names and places are respectively Nanda Devi.
Navratri is celebrated in different ways in different parts of India. This festival is celebrated with great pomp in Gujarat. Navratri festivals in Gujarat are known as Dandiya and Garba. It goes on all night long. The experience of Dandiya is extraordinary. Garba, as a devotional performance in honor of the Goddess, is performed before the ‘Aarti’ and is followed by the Dandiya ceremony. Among the main festivals of Bengalis in the state of West Bengal, Durga Puja has emerged as the most ornate form in the Bengali calendar.This wonderful festival is celebrated throughout the month by lighting up the majestic part of Mysore in the south.
Importance Of Navratri
Navratri festival is a representation of Goddess Amba (Lightning). The onset of spring and the beginning of autumn are considered an important confluence of the effects of climate and the sun. These two times are considered to be holy occasions for the worship of Maa Durga. The dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar. The festival of Navratri is considered to be the most auspicious and unique period of devotion to the concept of Maa-Durga and worship of divine power (the transcendent, ultimate, ultimate creative energy). This worship dates back to prehistoric times, before the Vedic age.During Navratri, huge fairs are held at the Shaktipeeths and Siddhapeeths of the Goddess. The importance of all the Shaktipeeths of Mata is different. But the nature of a mother is the same. Somewhere near Jammu Katra becomes Vaishno Devi. So somewhere it is worshiped in Chamunda form. Mother’s fair is held in the name of Naina Devi in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, while in Saharanpur, a huge fair is held in the name of Shakumbhari Devi.
According to folk beliefs, people wish that the mother is pleased by fasting on the day of Navratri, the mother is not pleased by keeping the fast because fasting is arbitrary behavior by sacrificing the scriptures. Fasting is also forbidden in verse 16 of Bhagavad Gita Adhyay 6.
First Three Days of Navratri
The first three days of Navratri are dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga. This puja is performed for his energy and strength. Each day is dedicated to a different form of Durga. Goddess Shailputri is worshiped on the first day, Brahmacharini on the second day and Chandraghanta Swaroop on the third day.
Fourth To Sixth Day of Navratri
When one has conquered the evil tendencies of ego, anger, lust and other animal instincts, one experiences a void. This void is full of spiritual wealth. For this purpose, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped to attain all materialistic, spiritual wealth and prosperity. The fourth, fifth and sixth days of Navratri are dedicated to the worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and peace.
Perhaps someone has conquered evil tendencies and money, but he is still deprived of true knowledge. Knowledge is essential for living a human life, even if it is enriched with power and wealth. Therefore, on the fifth day of Navratri, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped. All the books and other literary material are gathered at one place and a diya is lit in front of the deity to invoke the goddess and seek blessings.
Seventh and Eighth Day of Navratri
Saraswati, the goddess of arts and knowledge, is worshiped on the seventh day. Prayer is done for the purpose of attaining spiritual enlightenment. A ‘yagna’ is performed on the eighth day. It is a sacrifice that honors and sends off Goddess Durga.
Ninth Day of Navratri
The ninth day is the last day of Navratri. It is also known as Mahanavami. Kanya Puja is performed on this day. In which nine girls are worshiped who have not yet reached the stage of puberty. These nine girls are believed to represent the nine forms of Goddess Durga. For the respect and welcome of the girls, their feet are washed. At the end of the puja, new clothes are presented to the girls as a gift.
When is Navratri in 2021?
According to the Panchang, the festival of Navratri will start from 07 October 2021. It is called Sharad Navratri. The festival of Sharad Navratri will end on 15 October 2021.
Navratri 2021 (Navratri 2021 Start and End Date)
1. Navratri Begins – 7 October 2021, Thursday
2. Navratri Navami Tithi – 14 October 2021, Thursday
3. Navratri Dashami Tithi – 15 October 2021, Friday
4. Ghatasthapana date– 7 October 2021, Thursday
When is Durga Puja Kalash Sthapana 2021?
With the installation of the Kalash, the festival of Navratri begins. Kalash establishment i.e. Ghatasthapana will be done on 07 October 2021 in Sharad Navratri. With the establishment of the Kalash, the method of Navratri festival is considered to begin.
Ravana Dahan on Dussehra
In the Lanka war, Brahmaji asked Shri Ram to please the goddess by worshiping Chandi Devi to kill Ravana and it was told that arrangements were made for Chandi worship and havan of rare one hundred and eight nilkamal. At the same time, Ravana also started the Chandi path with the desire of victory in the greed of immortality. Indra Dev told this to Shri Ram through Pawan Dev and advised that Chandi Path should be allowed to be completed at the earliest. Here, due to the elusive power of Ravana, a Neelkamal disappeared from the place of worship in the havan material and Ravana Rare Neelkamal arrangement was immediately impossible, then Lord Rama easily remembered that people call me ‘Kamalnayan Navkancha Lochan’, so why not offer an eye to fulfill the resolution and as soon as Lord Rama took an arrow out of the tunir , ready to remove the eyes, then the goddess appeared, holding hands and said – Ram, I am pleased and bless Vijayashree. At the same time, Hanumanji took the form of a Brahmin child in the service of the Brahmins who were performing the Yagya on the Chandi Marg of Ravana and got engaged in the service.Seeing the selfless service, the Brahmins asked Hanumanji to ask for a boon. On this Hanuman ji humbly said – Oh Lord, if you are happy, then on my request, change one letter of the mantra with which you are performing the Yagya. The Brahmin could not understand this mystery and Astu said. Jayadevi in Mantra… I want to pronounce ‘K’ instead of ‘H’ in Bhutiharini. Due to which the goddess got angry and destroyed Ravana. Hanumanji Maharaj changed the direction of Ravana’s yagya by getting ‘A’ in place of ‘H’ in the verse.
Kheer Bhavani Temple near Srinagar
According to another legend related to this festival, Goddess Durga killed a buffalo-like demon i.e. Mahishasur. According to mythology, the gods, forced by Mahishasura’s concentrated attention, gave him the boon of being invincible.After granting him the boon, the gods were concerned that he would misuse his power, and as a result, Mahishasura expanded hell to the gates of heaven and the gods were astonished to see his action. Mahishasura took away all the rights of Surya, Indra, Agni, Vayu, Moon, Yama, Varuna and other gods and became the lord of heaven himself. Due to the wrath of Mahishasura, the gods had to roam the earth. It is believed that equal force of all the gods was applied in the creation of Goddess Durga.In order to destroy Mahishasura, all the gods had given their weapons to Goddess Durga, and with the combined efforts of these gods, Goddess Durga became even stronger. During these nine days, Devi-Mahishasur war took place and finally Mahishasura was killed and she was called Mahishasura Mardini.
Resources are mobilized from this day to start the pending works in Chaumasse. This is a big festival of Kshatriyas. On this day Brahmins start Saraswati-worship and Kshatriya weapon-worship. Vijayadashami or Dussehra is a national festival. That is, at the time of the rise of the evening constellation on Ashwin Shukla Dashami, there is a ‘victory period’. It proves all functions. Ashwin shukla dashami is the best day of sunday with taboo, pure paravidya and shravan nakshatras.The beginning of the afternoon, Shravan Nakshatra and Dashami are considered to be the Muhurta of Vijay Yatra. Durga-Visarjan, Aparajita Puja, Vijay-Prayag, Shami Puja and Navratri-Paran are the great deeds of this festival. It is considered auspicious to see the Neelkanth bird in the evening on this day. Kshatriyas/Rajputs take Sankalp Mantra on this day after retiring from daily rituals like taking bath in the morning. To protect health and prosperity. Devotees do not eat meat, alcohol, grains, wheat and onions during this fast.Grains are generally avoided during Navratri and seasonal changes as it is believed that grains attract negative energies. Navratri is a period of introspection and purification and is traditionally an auspicious and religious time to start new ventures.
Navratri is Celebrated in These States like this, know what is special
Navratri is celebrated all over the country. Many colors of Navratri can be seen in India full of diversity. Somewhere the seat of the mother has been decorated, somewhere there is a pandal for food and drink, and at some places a crowd can be seen in the temples for darshan. People are seen drenched in the color of dandiya on social sites. In such a situation, let us know, how Navratri is made in other states other than your state.
- Navratri in Punjab means religious songs and music. Here during Navratri Kirtan is done during the day and Jagran is done in the night. Fasting is observed for the first 7 days. On the day of Ashtami-Navi, nine girls are worshiped and offered to them. Who is known as ‘Kanjika’?
- An earthen pot is set up on the first day of Navratri, inside which a betel nut, coconut and silver coin are kept. A lamp is lit inside the pot. Every night nearby people worship nine forms of Durga. Garba-Dandiya dance is also performed here during Navratri.
- In Maharashtra, many people light diyas in their homes. This lamp keeps burning continuously for nine days. On the day of Dussehra, the men of the house worship vehicles, knives, other necessary household appliances. Thank them. This is called ‘Ayudha’ worship. Ram Leela takes place during Navratri in North India. Here the story of Rama and Ravana is told. The team comes to the artists of the people, the stage is decorated for them and Ramlila takes place.
- Navratri has a different significance in Bengal. The Durga Puja here is famous all over the world. Maa Durga is worshiped here for six days of Navratri. These days are Mahalaya, Shashthi, Mahasaptami, Mahashtami, Mahanavami and Vijayadashami. During Navratri, pandals are set up on every street and nook across the city. Here the idols of Maa Durga are famous all over the world. Along with these idols of Durga Mata, idols of other deities are also kept in the pandals. Along with this, a new theme is kept in the pandals every year.
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
- The way of celebrating Navratri in these three states is almost the same, small idols like toys are made in these states during Navratri. Not only idols of deities are made here, but things like bride and groom, horse, cart, house etc. are made here. A special kind of stairs are made to keep them, where all these idols are kept in odd numbers.In these states this festival is called Golu, Bomma Golu, Bombay Habba. Ganapati, Saraswati, Parvati and Lakshmi are worshiped on the first day of Navratri and Goddess Saraswati is worshiped on Navami.
- Navratri 2021 Start and End Date, Sharad Navratri 2021: The festival of Navratri has special significance. Maa Durga is considered a symbol of power in Hinduism. The festival of Navratri is dedicated to Maa Durga.Various forms of Maa Durga are worshiped and worshiped during Navratri. It is believed that worshiping Goddess Durga with this method in Navratri brings happiness and prosperity in life. On the occasion of Navratri, the devotees of Maa Durga keep a fast for 9 days and are absorbed in the devotion of Maa Durga.
When does Sharad Navratri start?
- Worship of Maa Shailputri- Maa Shailputri, the first form of Maa Durga, is worshiped on the first day of Navratri.Maa Brahmacharini- Dwitiya Tithi 8 October 2021 On Friday, the second form of Maa Durga is Maa Brahmacharini. Mother Brahmacharini is worshiped on the second day of Navratri.
- Maa Chandraghanta- Tritiya date 9 October 2021 Worship Maa Chandraghanta is worshiped on Saturdays.Worship of Maa Kushmanda- Chaturthi date is 9 October 2021, on Saturday, the fourth day of Sharad Navratri, Maa Kushmanda is worshipped.
- Worship of Mother Skandmata- Mother Skandmata is worshiped on the fifth day of October 10, 2021, Sunday.Worship of Maa Katyayani- Shashthi date 11 October 2021, Maa Katyayani is worshiped on Monday.Worship of Maa Kalratri- Saptami date is 12 October 2021, Maa Kalratri is worshiped on Tuesday.Mahagauri Worship – Mahagauri is worshiped on Ashtami date, 13 October 2021, Wednesday.
- Worship of Maa Siddhidatri- Navami date is 14 October 2021, on Thursday Maa Siddhidatri is worshipped.Parana of Shardiya Navratri Vrat – Dashami date is October 15, 2021, on Friday, the Parana of Shardiya Navratri and the immersion of Maa Durga will take place.
Q1:- What is the meaning of the word Navratri?
Ans1:- The word Navratri is a Sanskrit word, which means ‘nine nights’.
Q2:- What is the importance of Navratri festival?
Ans2:- Navratri festival is a representation of Goddess Amba (Lightning). The onset of spring and the beginning of autumn are considered an important confluence of the effects of climate and the sun. These two times are considered to be holy occasions for the worship of Maa Durga. The dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar.
Q3: When is Navratri in 2021?
Ans3:- According to the Panchang, the festival of Navratri will start from 07 October 2021. It is called Sharad Navratri. The festival of Sharad Navratri will end on 15 October 2021.
Q4:- When is Durga Puja Kalash Sthapana 2021?
Ans4: The festival of Navratri begins with the establishment of the Kalash. Kalash establishment i.e. Ghatasthapana will be done on 07 October 2021 in Sharad Navratri. With the establishment of the Kalash, the method of Navratri festival is considered to begin.
Q5: When does Sharad Navratri start?
Ans5:- Worship of Maa Shailputri- Maa Shailputri, the first form of Maa Durga, is worshiped on the first day of Navratri.
Maa Brahmacharini- Dwitiya Tithi 8 October 2021 On Friday, the second form of Maa Durga is Maa Brahmacharini. Mother Brahmacharini is worshiped on the second day of Navratri.
Maa Chandraghanta- Tritiya date 9 October 2021 Worship Maa Chandraghanta is worshiped on Saturdays.
Worship of Maa Kushmanda- Chaturthi date is 9 October 2021, on Saturday, the fourth day of Sharad Navratri, Maa Kushmanda is worshipped.
Worship of Mother Skandmata- Mother Skandmata is worshiped on the fifth day of October 10, 2021, Sunday.
Worship of Maa Katyayani- Shashthi date 11 October 2021, Maa Katyayani is worshiped on Monday.
Worship of Maa Kalratri- Saptami date is 12 October 2021, Maa Kalratri is worshiped on Tuesday.
Mahagauri Worship – Mahagauri is worshiped on Ashtami date, 13 October 2021, Wednesday.
Worship of Maa Siddhidatri- Navami date is 14 October 2021, on Thursday Maa Siddhidatri is worshipped.
Parana of Shardiya Navratri Vrat – Dashami date is October 15, 2021, on Friday, the Parana of Shardiya Navratri and the immersion of Maa Durga will take place.