[PDF] Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes

Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes, web application, and security class 10 notes 402, Class 10 IT Chapter 9 Notes, web application and security class 10 notes pdf

These Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes are very helpful for your board exam. These Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes are necessary for you because these notes all the important topics covered are coming in this board exam. So practice these topics and learn all the important topics properly and read this article carefully.

Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes
Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes

Web Application and Security Class 10 Notes

  • A network generally consists of two or more computers that are interconnected either logically or physically using special software and hardware.

  • A network usually comprises five basic components- server, client, channels, operating system, and interface.

  • On the basis of geography, networks are classified as LAN, MAN, and WAN.

  • On the basis of component role, networks are classified as peer-to-peer, server-based, and client-based.

  • Network topology refers to the basic geometric layout according to which the server and clients are Connected via a channel.

  • The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model or the OSI model is used as a fundamental framework to classify and regulate the processes involved with communication and message exchange over the network.

  • Serial keys are an accessibility feature that allows users to control the computer without using a keyboard and mouse.

  • Sip-and-Puff is a mouth-operated input device with one switch that can control two devices.

  • Instant messaging refers to real-time, text-based communication between people over the Internet using instant messaging software.

  • Authentication refers to the process of confirming and verifying the claimed identity of a user requesting a connection to the IM system.

  • A blog is a website or part of a website containing the thoughts and ideas of a user. It is written in the form of an online journal containing a continuous commentary on a specific subject.

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  • E-commerce simply means using an electronic mode, such as the Internet, to sell and buy products or services.

  • Online transactions cover any monetary transactions made from a computer system or mobile.

  • Online transactions are also known by the name PIN-debit transactions.

  • Online transactions provide a password-protected payment method to authorize the transfer of funds through electronic funds transfer (EFT).

  • Online transactions provide a safe, flexible, convenient, and fast mode of making payments electronically.

  • An online transaction involves many participants which include the merchant, the customer, and the technology.

  • Internet security involves the implementation and use of specific resources and web standards for establishing the rules and measures tO follow against a security breach.

  • The password you use should always be strong and secure because weak passwords can easily be cracked by hackers.

  • A cookie is a file that contains small textual information about the activity of a user over the Internet.

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  • Antivirus software is used to identify, prevent and take action against malicious programs, such as viruses and worms, by deactivating or deleting them.

  • Some popular antivirus software applications are Norton Antivirus, McAfee, Quick Heal Antivirus, Kaspersky Antivirus, etc.

  • Taking regular backups ensures that your computer data is protected and can be recovered in hardware failure, accidental deletion, or modification.

  • The Health and safety of employees at the workplace play an important role in the overall effectiveness of an organization.

  • First aid is the initial aid given to an injured or sick person to save his/her life before the arrival of medical assistance.

  • The main purpose of first aid is to provide immediate relief to the patient until medical assistance arrives.

  • An accident is defined as an unfortunate event that happens unpredictably as well as unintentionally and may lead to harm and injury to people.

  • An emergency is defined as an unforeseen situation that requires immediate attention and action to prevent risk to health, life, wealth, or atmosphere.

  • An emergency plan is a set of rules and instructions that describes the course of action employees must take should an emergency arise at the workplace.

  • An evacuation plan provides a set of procedures to be used by the occupants of a building in an emergency.

  • A hazard is defined as a potential source that causes harm to an individual. In an organization, there are several types of hazards that may harm the life and health of an employee or worker.

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  • A healthy lifestyle helps an individual to maintain and improve his health and happiness.

  • Bookmark/Favorites: his option is used to store links to the favorite websites.

  • Bus Topology: t is commonly used in LANs, wherein the server, clients, and shared resources are all directly connected to a single common channel known as the bus.

  • Cache: The cache utility is used in browsers, which store the information of all the Web pages you have recently opened.

  • Channels: These are circuits or pathways connecting networks through which different interconnected computers share information.

  • Chatting: The chat service enables two or more users living in different parts of the world to communicate with each other.

  • Client-based Networks: They are more refined server-based networks that employ the processing power of the client workstation to execute some functions locally and request further processing from the server.

  • External Modem: It refers to the modem that has to be connected to your computer as well as your telephone line with cables and an electric socket to connect to the Internet.

  • Hypertext: It is a Web document that can include text, graphics, images, audio/video, and dynamic links to related files and documents on the Internet.

  • Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): It is a computer language, which is embedded in source documents that comprise images, text, links, and other documents for displaying the Web page.

  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP): A simple request protocol that runs under the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and specifies what kind of messages the clients may send to the servers and what kind of responses they get back in return.

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  • Instant Messaging: The real-time, text-based communication between people over the Internet using instant messaging software.

  • Internal Modem: It is the modem that is built inside your computer.

  • Internet: It is defined as a worldwide network of Computers connected to each other for sharing information.

  • Local Area Network (LAN): It is an interconnected network of computers in a relatively small area, like a building, a school, or a classroom.

  • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): It is an interconnected network of computers that are placed far apart across the city.

  • Modem: It is a device that is used to transmit data over a network.

  • Network: It generally consists of two or more computers that are interconnected either logically or physically using special software and hardware.

  • Network Operating System: It is an operating system software on the server.

  • Network Topology: It refers to the basic geometric layout according to which the server and clients are connected via a channel.

  • Open Systems Interconnection (OSI): is used as a fundamental framework to classify and regulate the processes involved with communication and message exchange over a network.

  • Peer-to-peer Network: In this type of network, all the connected computers are equal. No one is in charge of the operations of the network.

  • Ring Topology: In this topology, all the computers are connected in a large closed-loop circuit so that each computer is linked to two adjacent computers on either side.

  • Server-based Network: This network type provides greater security and centralized control where a dedicated server controls all the network operations.

  • Site or Website: It is a collection of related Web pages linked to each other by hyperlinks.

  • Star Topology: In this topology, all the clients are individually connected to a centrally located server via a direct channel.

  • Trojan Horses: These are computer programs with malicious intent but benign appearance.

  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL): It is a unique address of any kind of Web document and can be keyed in browsers to open its associated Web page.

  • Web Accessibility: It is the phenomenon of designing and developing technologies, tools, and Web applications so that they can be easily used by people with disabilities.

  • Web Browser: A Web browser is an application that is used to access or retrieve information or resources from the Internet.

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Conclusion

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FAQs

What is Web Accessibility?

It is the phenomenon of designing and developing technologies, tools, and Web applications so that they can be easily used by people with disabilities.

What is Server-based Network?

This network type provides greater security and centralized control where a dedicated server controls all the network operations.

What is a Blog?

A blog is a website or part of a website containing the thoughts and ideas of a user. It is written in the form of an online journal containing a continuous commentary on a specific subject.

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